Atılım Akademik Arşivi

Atılım Academic Archive

Atılım Akademik Arşivi; hakemli makaleleri, teknik raporları, çalışma raporlarını, yüksek lisans / doktora tezlerini ve daha fazlasını içeren Atılım Üniversitesi araştırma ekosistemi için oluşturulmuş bir dijital açık arşivdir.

Atılım Academic Archive; It is a digital open archive created for the Atılım University research ecosystem, which includes peer-reviewed articles, technical reports, study reports, master's / doctoral theses and more.

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Recent Submissions

Article
Complete characterization of a class of permutation trinomials in characteristic five
(Cryptography and Communications, 2024-02-21) Grassl, Markus; Özbudak, Ferruh; Özkaya, Buket; Gülmez Temür, Burcu
In this paper, we address an open problem posed by Bai and Xia in [2].We study polynomials of the form f (x) = x^4q+1 + λ_1x^5q + λ_2x^q+4 over the finite field F_5^k , which are not quasimultiplicative equivalent to any of the known permutation polynomials in the literature. We find necessary and sufficient conditions on λ1, λ2 ∈ F_5^k so that f (x) is a permutation monomial, binomial, or trinomial of F_5^2k .
Article
Effect of Knee Hyperextension on Femoral Cartilage Thickness in Stroke Patients
(American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 2024-05) Korkusuz, Süleyman; Kibar, Sibel; Özgören, Nihat; Arıtan, Serdar; Seçkinoğulları, Büşra; Fil Balkan, Ayla
Objective Knee hyperextension is one of the most common compensatory mechanisms in stroke patients. The first aim of the study was to measure knee hyperextension and femoral cartilage thickness in stroke patients. The second aim was to compare the femoral cartilage thickness of the paretic and nonparetic limbs in stroke patients with and without knee hyperextension. Design Forty stroke patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of knee hyperextension based on kinematic analyses performed during walking with a three-dimensional motion analysis system. The medial femoral cartilage, lateral femoral cartilage, and intercondylar cartilage thicknesses of the paretic and nonparetic sides of the patients were measured by ultrasonography. Results In the study group, medial femoral cartilage, intercondylar, and lateral femoral cartilage thicknesses were less on the paretic side than on the nonparetic side, while the femoral cartilage thicknesses on the paretic and nonparetic sides were similar in the control group. Paretic side medial femoral cartilage and intercondylar thicknesses were less in the study group compared with the control group, and lateral femoral cartilage thickness was similar between the two groups. Conclusions Knee hyperextension during walking causes femoral cartilage degeneration in stroke patients. Clinical Trial code: NCT05513157
Article
Balance and gait in individuals with diabetic peripheral neuropathy
(Neurological Research, 2023-03-04) Korkusuz, Süleyman; Seçkinoğulları, Büşra; Yürük, Zeliha Özlem; Uluğ, Naime; Kibar, Sibel
Background Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) causes various physical problems such as the increased risk of falling, loss of balance and coordination while standing or walking, susceptibility to injuries due to sensory loss. Aims The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the effects of neuropathic pain (NP) in individuals with DPN on balance and gait. Methods This prospective controlled study was conducted on 42 adults aged between 40–65 years. The participants were divided into three groups; individuals with DPN and NP (DPN+NP/n = 14), individuals with DPN without NP (DPN-NP/n = 14), and the control group (n = 14), respectively. The Force Plate system and Core Balance System measured static and dynamic postural balance and stability limits. Gait and dynamic plantar pressure distribution analyses were performed with a computerized gait evaluation system. Results The score of LANSS, and VAS during gait were higher in DPN+NP group than in DPN-NP (p < 0.05). No significant difference was observed between the groups in balance parameters (p > 0.05). The right-left heel maximum forces were lower in both groups with DPN compared to the control group (p < 0.05). In terms of spatiotemporal parameters of the gait, there was a difference between the groups only in step width and left single support line parameters (p < 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study indicate that the individuals with DPN have an increased step width, their left single support line was shortened, and the maximum force on the heel decreased. The NP did not cause any change in balance and gait parameters.
Article
The Effect of a Light-Dark Cycle on Premature Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Randomized Controlled Study
(Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 2024-05-09) Olgun, Ayşe Betül; Yüksel, Didem; Yardımcı, Figen
Purpose To investigate potential differences in discharge time, feeding methods and amounts, daily weight gain, vital signs, pain, and comfort levels among preterm infants born at 28–32 weeks' gestation who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit during long-term follow-up while implementing a light-dark cycle. Design and methods This is a randomized controlled study conducted with the support of a day-night cycle in premature infants born at 28–32 weeks' gestation and admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a teaching and research hospital affiliated with the Ministry of Health. The study compared the follow-up results from hospitalization to discharge over a period of 8 weeks. Results 50% of premature infants admitted to the unit are multiple pregnancies. There was no significant difference in discharge weight, comfort level, pain level, vital signs of the infants included in the study (p > 0.05). The optimal development of infant feeding patterns was examinedand it was observed that the study group had significantly improved before the control group in terms of the time to switch to full enteral feeding and oral feeding (p < 0,05). The daily weight gain of the babies was examined, it was seen that the weight gain was higher in the study group compared to the control group (p < 0,05). The mean duration of hospitalization was compared, it was seen that the babies in the study group were discharged significantly earlier (p < 0,05). Conclusion The study compared the long-term outcomes of premature babies hospitalized in neonatal intensive care and babies exposed to a light-dark cycle and regularly monitored in standard care. The results showed that the babies in the study group had higher daily weight gain and were discharged earlier than the control group. There were also no statistically significant differences in comfort and pain scores, vital signs or oxygen saturation between the study and control groups. Practice implications A light-dark cycle was found to be a feasible and promising intervention for infants at 28–32 weeks' gestation. It was a nurse-led management of care that could be integrated into the usual care of 28–32-week-old babies in neonatal units.
Article
Revealing Defect Centers in PbWO4 Single Crystals Using Thermally Stimulated Current Measurements
(Journal of Applied Physics, 2024-02-28) Işık, Mehmet; Gasanly, Nizami Mamed
The trap centers have a significant impact on the electronic properties of lead tungstate (PbWO4), suggesting their crucial role in optoelectronic applications. In the present study, we investigated and revealed the presence of shallow trap centers in PbWO4 crystals through the utilization of the thermally stimulated current (TSC) method. TSC experiments were performed in the 10–280 K range by applying a constant heating rate. The TSC spectrum showed the presence of a total of four peaks, two of which were overlapped. As a result of analyzing the TSC spectrum using the curve fit method, the activation energies of revealed centers were found as 0.03, 0.11, 0.16, and 0.35 eV. The trapping centers were associated with hole centers according to the comparison of TSC peak intensities recorded by illuminating the opposite polarity contacts. Our findings not only contribute to the fundamental understanding of the charge transport mechanisms in PbWO4 crystals but also hold great promise for enhancing their optoelectronic device performance. The identification and characterization of these shallow trap centers provide valuable insights for optimizing the design and fabrication of future optoelectronic devices based on PbWO4.
Article
Investigation of Λ (1405)as a molecular pentaquark state
(The European Physical Journal C, 2024-04-30) Azizi, Kazım; Saraç Oymak, Yasemin; Sundu, Hayriye
Λ(1405) is one of the interesting particles with its unclear structure and distinct properties. It has a light mass compared to its non-strange counterpart, despite the strange quark it carries. This situation puts the investigation of this resonance among the hot topics in hadron physics and collects attention to clarify its properties. In this study, we focus on the calculation of the mass and residue of the Λ(1405) resonance within the framework of QCD sum rules. We assign a structure in the form of a molecular pentaquark composed from admixture of K− meson-proton and K¯ 0 meson neutron. Using an interpolating current in this form, the masses and the current coupling constant are attained as m = 1406±128 MeV and λ = (3.35±0.35)×10−5 GeV6 for /q and m = 1402±141 MeV and λ = (4.08 ± 1.08) × 10−5 GeV6 for I Lorentz structures entering the calculations, respectively. The obtained mass values agree well with the experimental data supporting the plausibility of the considered structure.
Article
Reanalysis of rare radiative Ξ− 𝑏→Ξ−⁢𝛾 decay in QCD
(PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 2024-04-30) Aliev, T. M.; Özpineci, A.; Saraç Oymak, Yasemin
The upper limit of the branching ratio of the rare $\Xi_b^-\rightarrow \Xi^- \gamma$ decay is obtained as $BR(\Xi_b^-\rightarrow \Xi^- \gamma)<1.3\times10^{-4}$ by the LHCb. In the present work we study this decay within the light cone QCD sum rules employing the $\Xi_b$ distribution amplitudes. At first stage, the form factors entering the $\Xi_b^-\rightarrow \Xi^- \gamma$ decay are obtained. Next, using the results for the form factors the corresponding branching ratio for this decay is estimated to be $BR(\Xi_b^-\rightarrow \Xi^- \gamma)=(4.8\pm 1.3)\times 10^{-5}$. This value lies below the upper limit established by the LHCb collaboration. Our finding for the branching ratio is also compared with the results of the other theoretical approaches existing in the literature.
Article
Performance Analysis of CuSbSe2Thin-Film Solar Cells with Cd-Free Window Layers
(Materials Letters, 2024-05-15) Sürücü, Gökhan; Bal, Ersin; Gencer, Ayşenur; Parlak, Mehmet; Sürücü, Özge
This study investigates novel thin-film solar cells featuring CuSbSe2 (CASe) with ZnSnO and ZnMgO windows in the layer superstrate structure. For glass/ITO/ZnMgO/CASe/Cu + Au, the J-V measurements reveal a shortcircuit current density (Jsc) of 19.4 mA/cm2, an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.28 Volts, a fill factor (FF) of 39.14 %, and a power conversion efficiency (eta) of 2.13 %. Similarly, glass/ITO/ZnSnO/CASe/Cu + Au exhibits Jsc around 19.6 mA/cm2, Voc around 0.31 Volts, FF around 40 %, and eta of 2.43 %. This paper is a pioneering contribution, introducing novel thin-film solar cells with a distinctive superstrate structure utilizing CASe in conjunction with ZnSnO and ZnMgO windows. The comprehensive study presents the first-ever characterization and performance evaluation of these innovative configurations, shedding light on their unique potential in advancing sustainable solar energy technology.
Article
Analysis of Space Efficiency in High-Rise Timber Residential Towers
(Applied Sciences, 2024-05-21) Ilgın, Hüseyin Emre; Aslantamer, Özlem Nur
High-rise timber residential towers (≥eight-stories) represent a burgeoning and auspicious sector, predominantly due to their capability to provide significant ecological and financial advantages throughout their lifecycle. Like numerous other building types, spatial optimization in high-rise timber residential structures stands as a pivotal design factor essential for project viability. Presently, there exists no comprehensive investigation on space efficiency in such towers. This study analyzed data from 51 case studies to enhance understanding of the design considerations influencing space efficiency in high-rise timber residential towers. Key findings included (1) the average space efficiency within the examined cases was recorded at 83%, exhibiting variances ranging from 70% to 93% across different cases, (2) the average percentage of core area to gross floor area (GFA) was calculated at 10%, demonstrating fluctuations within the range of 4% to 21% across diverse scenarios, and (3) no notable distinction was observed in the effect of various core planning strategies on spatial efficiency when properly designed, and similar conclusions were drawn regarding building forms and structural materials. This research will aid in formulating design guidelines tailored for various stakeholders such as architectural designers involved in high-rise residential timber building developments. Keywords: space efficiency; timber; high rise; residential building; gross floor area (GFA); net floor area (NFA)
Article
Two-dimensional carbon rich titanium carbide (TiC3) as a high-capacity anode for potassium ion battery
(Applied Surface Science, 2024-03-15) Fatima, Syeda Afrinish; Park, Jongee
In recent years, two-dimensional (2D) materials, particularly MXenes such as titanium carbide, have gained significant interest for energy storage applications. This study explores the use of potassium-adsorbed TiC3 nanosheets as potential anode materials for potassium ion batteries (KIBs), utilizing first-principles calculations. The investigated electronic, mechanical, and thermal properties of TiC3 demonstrate its suitability as an anode material. The incorporation of potassium into the host material enhances electronic conductivity while maintaining a stable layered structure. Our findings reveal promising adsorption behavior of potassium in TiC3, leading to a high theoretical specific capacity of 958 mAh/g, coupled with a low energy barrier of 0.19 eV for potassium migration, which is indicative of superior electrochemical performance. Moreover, despite the high potassium content, the electrode material shows limited volume expansion of 11.3%, suggesting good cyclability. Additionally, the equilibrium distance between potassium and TiC3, measured at 3.11 Å, exceeds that of lithium and TiC3 (2.56 Å), potentially augmenting the material’s flexibility. Consequently, TiC3 emerges as a promising candidate for KIB anode materials.